Jews and Joes

Israel and Jew-dah in Scripture (Together but Separate)

There are about 180 instances where Israel and Judah, or Ephraim and Judah, or Joseph and Judah are used together in the Tanakh within a single verse, but indicate TWO separate entities.

So... should the Jews be considered "Israelite"? Yes! Most certainly.

Have the Jews always been considered "Israel"? No! Most definitely notSee 10 Proofs "the Jews" are from Judah for more detail.

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About 160 citations of Israel AND Jew-dah as separate entities

Joshua 11:21; 1 Samuel 11:8; 17:52; 18:16; 2 Samuel 2:10; 3:10; 5:5; 11:11; 12:8; 19:11,40,41,42,43; 20:2; 21:2; 24:1,9; 1 Kings 1:35; 2:32; 4:20,25; 12:17,20,21; 15:9,17,25,33; 16:8,23,29; 22:2,10,29,41,51; 2 Kings 3:1,9; 8:16,25; 9:21; 13:1,10,12; 14:1,9,11,12,13,15,17,23,28; 15:1,8,17,23,27,32; 17:1,13,18,19; 18:1,5; 22:18; 23:22,27; 1 Chronicles 5:17; 9:1; 13:6; 21:5; 28:4; 2 Chronicles 10:17; 11:1,3; 13:15,16,18; 15:9; 16:1,11; 18:3,9,28; 20:35; 21:13; 23:2; 24:5,6,9; 25:17,18,21,22,23,25,26; 27:7; 28:19,26; 30:1,6,25; 31:1,6; 32:32; 34:9,21; 35:18,27; 36:8; Psalms 76:1; 114:2; Isaiah 5:7; 7:1; 11:12; 48:1; Jeremiah 3:8,11,18; 5:11; 9:26; 11:10,17; 12:14; 13:11; 23:6; 30:3,4; 31:23,27,31; 32:30,32; 33:7,14; 36:2; 50:4,20,33; 51:5; Lamentations 2:5; Ezekiel 9:9; 25:3; 27:17; 37:16,19; Daniel 9:7; Hosea 1:1,11; 4:15; 5:5; 8:14; 11:12; Amos 1:1; Micah 1:5; 5:2; Zechariah 1:19; 8:13; 11:14; Malachi 2:11.

The Divided Kingdom of Israel and Judah

Israel and Judah

(Joshua 11:21)  And at that time came Joshua, and cut off the Anakims from the mountains, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from all the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel: Joshua destroyed them utterly with their cities.

(1 Samuel 11:8)  And when he numbered them in Bezek, the children of Israel were three hundred thousand, and the men of Judah thirty thousand.

(1 Samuel 17:52)  And the men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, and pursued the Philistines, until thou come to the valley, and to the gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to Shaaraim, even unto Gath, and unto Ekron.

(1 Samuel 18:16)  But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went out and came in before them.

(2 Samuel 2:10)  Ishbosheth Saul's son was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and reigned two years. But the house of Judah followed David.

(2 Samuel 3:10)  To translate the kingdom from the house of Saul, and to set up the throne of David over Israel and over Judah, from Dan even to Beersheba.

(2 Samuel 5:5)  In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah.

(2 Samuel 11:11)  And Uriah said unto David, The ark, and Israel, and Judah, abide in tents; and my lord Joab, and the servants of my lord, are encamped in the open fields; shall I then go into mine house, to eat and to drink, and to lie with my wife? as thou livest, and as thy soul liveth, I will not do this thing.

(2 Samuel 12:8)  And I gave thee thy master's house, and thy master's wives into thy bosom, and gave thee the house of Israel and of Judah; and if that had been too little, I would moreover have given unto thee such and such things.

(2 Samuel 19:11)  And king David sent to Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, saying, Speak unto the elders of Judah, saying, Why are ye the last to bring the king back to his house? seeing the speech of all Israel is come to the king, even to his house.

(2 Samuel 19:40)  Then the king went on to Gilgal, and Chimham went on with him: and all the people of Judah conducted the king, and also half the people of Israel.

(2 Samuel 19:41)  And, behold, all the men of Israel came to the king, and said unto the king, Why have our brethren the men of Judah stolen thee away, and have brought the king, and his household, and all David's men with him, over Jordan?

(2 Samuel 19:42)  And all the men of Judah answered the men of Israel, Because the king is near of kin to us: wherefore then be ye angry for this matter? have we eaten at all of the king's cost? or hath he given us any gift?

(2 Samuel 19:43)  And the men of Israel answered the men of Judah, and said, We have ten parts in the king, and we have also more right in David than ye: why then did ye despise us, that our advice should not be first had in bringing back our king? And the words of the men of Judah were fiercer than the words of the men of Israel.

(2 Samuel 20:2)  So every man of Israel went up from after David, and followed Sheba the son of Bichri: but the men of Judah clave unto their king, from Jordan even to Jerusalem.

(2 Samuel 21:2)  And the king called the Gibeonites, and said unto them; (now the Gibeonites were not of the children of Israel, but of the remnant of the Amorites; and the children of Israel had sworn unto them: and Saul sought to slay them in his zeal to the children of Israel and Judah.)

(2 Samuel 24:1)  And again the anger ofיהוהwas kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them to say, Go, number Israel and Judah.

(2 Samuel 24:9)  And Joab gave up the sum of the number of the people unto the king: and there were in Israel eight hundred thousand valiant men that drew the sword; and the men of Judah were five hundred thousand men.

(1 Kings 1:35)  Then ye shall come up after him, that he may come and sit upon my throne; for he shall be king in my stead: and I have appointed him to be ruler over Israel and over Judah.

(1 Kings 2:32)  And יהוה shall return his blood upon his own head, who fell upon two men more righteous and better than he, and slew them with the sword, my father David not knowing thereof, to wit, Abner the son of Ner, captain of the host of Israel, and Amasa the son of Jether, captain of the host of Judah.

(1 Kings 4:20)  Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry.

(1 Kings 4:25)  And Judah and Israel dwelt safely, every man under his vine and under his fig tree, from Dan even to Beersheba, all the days of Solomon.

(1 Kings 12:17)  But as for the children of Israel which dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them.

(1 Kings 12:20)  And it came to pass, when all Israel heard that Jeroboam was come again, that they sent and called him unto the congregation, and made him king over all Israel: there was none that followed the house of David, but the tribe of Judah only.

(1 Kings 12:21)  And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he assembled all the house of Judah, with the tribe of Benjamin, an hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel, to bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam the son of Solomon.

(1 Kings 15:9)  And in the twentieth year of Jeroboam king of Israel reigned Asa over Judah.

(1 Kings 15:17)  And Baasha king of Israel went up against Judah, and built Ramah, that he might not suffer any to go out or come in to Asa king of Judah.

(1 Kings 15:25)  And Nadab the son of Jeroboam began to reign over Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned over Israel two years.

(1 Kings 15:33)  In the third year of Asa king of Judah began Baasha the son of Ahijah to reign over all Israel in Tirzah, twenty and four years.

(1 Kings 16:8)  In the twenty and sixth year of Asa king of Judah began Elah the son of Baasha to reign over Israel in Tirzah, two years.

(1 Kings 16:23)  In the thirty and first year of Asa king of Judah began Omri to reign over Israel, twelve years: six years reigned he in Tirzah.

(1 Kings 16:29)  And in the thirty and eighth year of Asa king of Judah began Ahab the son of Omri to reign over Israel: and Ahab the son of Omri reigned over Israel in Samaria twenty and two years.

(1 Kings 22:2)  And it came to pass in the third year, that Jehoshaphat the king of Judah came down to the king of Israel.

(1 Kings 22:10)  And the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah sat each on his throne, having put on their robes, in a void place in the entrance of the gate of Samaria; and all the prophets prophesied before them.

(1 Kings 22:29)  So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah went up to Ramothgilead.

(1 Kings 22:41)  And Jehoshaphat the son of Asa began to reign over Judah in the fourth year of Ahab king of Israel.

(1 Kings 22:51)  Ahaziah the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned two years over Israel.

(2 Kings 3:1)  Now Jehoram the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria the eighteenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned twelve years.

(2 Kings 3:9)  So the king of Israel went, and the king of Judah, and the king of Edom: and they fetched a compass of seven days' journey: and there was no water for the host, and for the cattle that followed them.

(2 Kings 8:16)  And in the fifth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel, Jehoshaphat being then king of Judah, Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah began to reign.

(2 Kings 8:25)  In the twelfth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel did Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah begin to reign.

(2 Kings 9:21)  And Joram said, Make ready. And his chariot was made ready. And Joram king of Israel and Ahaziah king of Judah went out, each in his chariot, and they went out against Jehu, and met him in the portion of Naboth the Jezreelite.

(2 Kings 13:1)  In the three and twentieth year of Joash the son of Ahaziah king of Judah Jehoahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned seventeen years.

(2 Kings 13:10)  In the thirty and seventh year of Joash king of Judah began Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned sixteen years.

(2 Kings 13:12)  And the rest of the acts of Joash, and all that he did, and his might wherewith he fought against Amaziah king of Judah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?

(2 Kings 14:1)  In the second year of Joash son of Jehoahaz king of Israel reigned Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah.

(2 Kings 14:9)  And Jehoash the king of Israel sent to Amaziah king of Judah, saying, The thistle that was in Lebanon sent to the cedar that was in Lebanon, saying, Give thy daughter to my son to wife: and there passed by a wild beast that was in Lebanon, and trode down the thistle.

(2 Kings 14:11)  But Amaziah would not hear. Therefore Jehoash king of Israel went up; and he and Amaziah king of Judah looked one another in the face at Bethshemesh, which belongeth to Judah.

(2 Kings 14:12)  And Judah was put to the worse before Israel; and they fled every man to their tents.

(2 Kings 14:13)  And Jehoash king of Israel took Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Jehoash the son of Ahaziah, at Bethshemesh, and came to Jerusalem, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim unto the corner gate, four hundred cubits.

(2 Kings 14:15)  Now the rest of the acts of Jehoash which he did, and his might, and how he fought with Amaziah king of Judah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?

(2 Kings 14:17)  And Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah lived after the death of Jehoash son of Jehoahaz king of Israel fifteen years.

(2 Kings 14:23)  In the fifteenth year of Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel began to reign in Samaria, and reigned forty and one years.

(2 Kings 14:28)  Now the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, and all that he did, and his might, how he warred, and how he recovered Damascus, and Hamath, which belonged to Judah, for Israel, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?

(2 Kings 15:1)  In the twenty and seventh year of Jeroboam king of Israel began Azariah son of Amaziah king of Judah to reign.

(2 Kings 15:8)  In the thirty and eighth year of Azariah king of Judah did Zachariah the son of Jeroboam reign over Israel in Samaria six months.

(2 Kings 15:17)  In the nine and thirtieth year of Azariah king of Judah began Menahem the son of Gadi to reign over Israel, and reigned ten years in Samaria.

(2 Kings 15:23)  In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned two years.

(2 Kings 15:27)  In the two and fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekah the son of Remaliah began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned twenty years.

(2 Kings 15:32)  In the second year of Pekah the son of Remaliah king of Israel began Jotham the son of Uzziah king of Judah to reign.

(2 Kings 17:1)  In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah began Hoshea the son of Elah to reign in Samaria over Israel nine years.

(2 Kings 17:13)  Yet יהוה testified against Israel, and against Judah, by all the prophets, and by all the seers, saying, Turn ye from your evil ways, and keep my commandments and my statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you by my servants the prophets.

(2 Kings 17:18)  Therefore יהוה was very angry with Israel, and removed them out of his sight: there was none left but the tribe of Judah only.

(2 Kings 17:19)  Also Judah kept not the commandments of יהוה their God, but walked in the statutes of Israel which they made.

(2 Kings 18:1)  Now it came to pass in the third year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Hezekiah the son of Ahaz king of Judah began to reign.

(2 Kings 18:5)  He trusted in יהוה Elohim of Israel; so that after him was none like him among all the kings of Judah, nor any that were before him.

(2 Kings 22:18)  But to the king of Judah which sent you to enquire of יהוה, thus shall ye say to him, Thus saith יהוה Elohim of Israel, As touching the words which thou hast heard;

(2 Kings 23:22)  Surely there was not holden such a passover from the days of the judges that judged Israel, nor in all the days of the kings of Israel, nor of the kings of Judah;

(2 Kings 23:27)  And יהוה said, I will remove Judah also out of my sight, as I have removed Israel, and will cast off this city Jerusalem which I have chosen, and the house of which I said, My name shall be there.

(1 Chronicles 5:17)  All these were reckoned by genealogies in the days of Jotham king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam king of Israel.

(1 Chronicles 9:1)  So all Israel were reckoned by genealogies; and, behold, they were written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah, who were carried away to Babylon for their transgression.

(1 Chronicles 13:6)  And David went up, and all Israel, to Baalah, that is, to Kirjathjearim, which belonged to Judah, to bring up thence the ark of Elohim יהוה, that dwelleth between the cherubims, whose name is called on it.

(1 Chronicles 21:5)  And Joab gave the sum of the number of the people unto David. And all they of Israel were a thousand thousand and an hundred thousand men that drew sword: and Judah was four hundred threescore and ten thousand men that drew sword.

(1 Chronicles 28:4)  Howbeit יהוה Elohim of Israel chose me before all the house of my father to be king over Israel for ever: for he hath chosen Judah to be the ruler; and of the house of Judah, the house of my father; and among the sons of my father he liked me to make me king over all Israel:

(2 Chronicles 10:17)  But as for the children of Israel that dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them.

(2 Chronicles 11:1)  And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he gathered of the house of Judah and Benjamin an hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against Israel, that he might bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam.

(2 Chronicles 11:3)  Speak unto Rehoboam the son of Solomon, king of Judah, and to all Israel in Judah and Benjamin, saying,

(2 Chronicles 13:15)  Then the men of Judah gave a shout: and as the men of Judah shouted, it came to pass, that Elohim smote Jeroboam and all Israel before Abijah and Judah.

(2 Chronicles 13:16)  And the children of Israel fled before Judah: and Elohim delivered them into their hand.

(2 Chronicles 13:18)  Thus the children of Israel were brought under at that time, and the children of Judah prevailed, because they relied upon יהוה Elohim of their fathers.

(2 Chronicles 15:9)  And he gathered all Judah and Benjamin, and the strangers with them out of Ephraim and Manasseh, and out of Simeon: for they fell to him out of Israel in abundance, when they saw that יהוה his Elohim was with him.

(2 Chronicles 16:1)  In the six and thirtieth year of the reign of Asa Baasha king of Israel came up against Judah, and built Ramah, to the intent that he might let none go out or come in to Asa king of Judah.

(2 Chronicles 16:11)  And, behold, the acts of Asa, first and last, lo, they are written in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel.

(2 Chronicles 18:3)  And Ahab king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat king of Judah, Wilt thou go with me to Ramothgilead? And he answered him, I am as thou art, and my people as thy people; and we will be with thee in the war.

(2 Chronicles 18:9)  And the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah sat either of them on his throne, clothed in their robes, and they sat in a void place at the entering in of the gate of Samaria; and all the prophets prophesied before them.

(2 Chronicles 18:28)  So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah went up to Ramothgilead.

(2 Chronicles 20:35)  And after this did Jehoshaphat king of Judah join himself with Ahaziah king of Israel, who did very wickedly:

(2 Chronicles 21:13)  But hast walked in the way of the kings of Israel, and hast made Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to go a whoring, like to the whoredoms of the house of Ahab, and also hast slain thy brethren of thy father's house, which were better than thyself:

(2 Chronicles 23:2)  And they went about in Judah, and gathered the Levites out of all the cities of Judah, and the chief of the fathers of Israel, and they came to Jerusalem.

(2 Chronicles 24:5)  And he gathered together the priests and the Levites, and said to them, Go out unto the cities of Judah, and gather of all Israel money to repair the house of your Elohim from year to year, and see that ye hasten the matter. Howbeit the Levites hastened it not.

(2 Chronicles 24:6)  And the king called for Jehoiada the chief, and said unto him, Why hast thou not required of the Levites to bring in out of Judah and out of Jerusalem the collection, according to the commandment of Moses the servant of יהוה, and of the congregation of Israel, for the tabernacle of witness?

(2 Chronicles 24:9)  And they made a proclamation through Judah and Jerusalem, to bring in to יהוה the collection that Moses the servant of Elohim laid upon Israel in the wilderness.

(2 Chronicles 25:17)  Then Amaziah king of Judah took advice, and sent to Joash, the son of Jehoahaz, the son of Jehu, king of Israel, saying, Come, let us see one another in the face.

(2 Chronicles 25:18)  And Joash king of Israel sent to Amaziah king of Judah, saying, The thistle that was in Lebanon sent to the cedar that was in Lebanon, saying, Give thy daughter to my son to wife: and there passed by a wild beast that was in Lebanon, and trode down the thistle.

(2 Chronicles 25:21)  So Joash the king of Israel went up; and they saw one another in the face, both he and Amaziah king of Judah, at Bethshemesh, which belongeth to Judah.

(2 Chronicles 25:22)  And Judah was put to the worse before Israel, and they fled every man to his tent.

(2 Chronicles 25:23)  And Joash the king of Israel took Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Joash, the son of Jehoahaz, at Bethshemesh, and brought him to Jerusalem, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim to the corner gate, four hundred cubits.

(2 Chronicles 25:25)  And Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah lived after the death of Joash son of Jehoahaz king of Israel fifteen years.

(2 Chronicles 25:26)  Now the rest of the acts of Amaziah, first and last, behold, are they not written in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel?

(2 Chronicles 27:7)  Now the rest of the acts of Jotham, and all his wars, and his ways, lo, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah.

(2 Chronicles 28:19)  For יהוה brought Judah low because of Ahaz king of Israel; for he made Judah naked, and transgressed sore against יהוה.t.!.

(2 Chronicles 28:26)  Now the rest of his acts and of all his ways, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel.

(2 Chronicles 30:1)  And Hezekiah sent to all Israel and Judah, and wrote letters also to Ephraim and Manasseh, that they should come to the house of יהוה at Jerusalem, to keep the passover unto יהוה Elohim of Israel.

(2 Chronicles 30:6)  So the posts went with the letters from the king and his princes throughout all Israel and Judah, and according to the commandment of the king, saying, Ye children of Israel, turn again unto יהוה Elohim of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, and he will return to the remnant of you, that are escaped out of the hand of the kings of Assyria.

(2 Chronicles 30:25)  And all the congregation of Judah, with the priests and the Levites, and all the congregation that came out of Israel, and the strangers that came out of the land of Israel, and that dwelt in Judah, rejoiced.

(2 Chronicles 31:1)  Now when all this was finished, all Israel that were present went out to the cities of Judah, and brake the images in pieces, and cut down the groves, and threw down the high places and the altars out of all Judah and Benjamin, in Ephraim also and Manasseh, until they had utterly destroyed them all. Then all the children of Israel returned, every man to his possession, into their own cities.

(2 Chronicles 31:6)  And concerning the children of Israel and Judah, that dwelt in the cities of Judah, they also brought in the tithe of oxen and sheep, and the tithe of holy things which were consecrated unto יהוה their Elohim, and laid them by heaps.

(2 Chronicles 32:32)  Now the rest of the acts of Hezekiah, and his goodness, behold, they are written in the vision of Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz, and in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel.

(2 Chronicles 34:9)  And when they came to Hilkiah the high priest, they delivered the money that was brought into the house of Elohim, which the Levites that kept the doors had gathered of the hand of Manasseh and Ephraim, and of all the remnant of Israel, and of all Judah and Benjamin; and they returned to Jerusalem.

(2 Chronicles 34:21)  Go, enquire of יהוה for me, and for them that are left in Israel and in Judah, concerning the words of the book that is found: for great is the wrath of יהוה that is poured out upon us, because our fathers have not kept the word of יהוה, to do after all that is written in this book.

(2 Chronicles 35:18)  And there was no passover like to that kept in Israel from the days of Samuel the prophet; neither did all the kings of Israel keep such a passover as Josiah kept, and the priests, and the Levites, and all Judah and Israel that were present, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

(2 Chronicles 35:27)  And his deeds, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah.

(2 Chronicles 36:8)  Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim, and his abominations which he did, and that which was found in him, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah: and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead.

(Psalms 76:1)  To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm or Song of Asaph. In Judah is Elohim known: his name is great in Israel.

(Psalms 114:2)  Judah was his sanctuary, and Israel his dominion.

(Isaiah 5:7)  For the vineyard of יהוה of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.

(Isaiah 7:1)  And it came to pass in the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up toward Jerusalem to war against it, but could not prevail against it.

(Isaiah 11:12)  And he shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.

(Isaiah 48:1)  Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Judah, which swear by the name of יהוה, and make mention of the Elohim of Israel, but not in truth, nor in righteousness.

(Jeremiah 3:8)  And I saw, when for all the causes whereby backsliding Israel committed adultery I had put her away, and given her a bill of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah feared not, but went and played the harlot also.

(Jeremiah 3:11)  And יהוה said unto me, The backsliding Israel hath justified herself more than treacherous Judah.

(Jeremiah 3:18)  In those days the house of Judah shall walk with the house of Israel, and they shall come together out of the land of the north to the land that I have given for an inheritance unto your fathers.

(Jeremiah 5:11)  For the house of Israel and the house of Judah have dealt very treacherously against me, saith יהוה.

(Jeremiah 9:26)  Egypt, and Judah, and Edom, and the children of Ammon, and Moab, and all that are in the utmost corners, that dwell in the wilderness: for all these nations are uncircumcised, and all the house of Israel are uncircumcised in the heart.

(Jeremiah 11:10)  They are turned back to the iniquities of their forefathers, which refused to hear my words; and they went after other gods to serve them: the house of Israel and the house of Judah have broken my covenant which I made with their fathers.

(Jeremiah 11:17)  For יהוה of hosts, that planted thee, hath pronounced evil against thee, for the evil of the house of Israel and of the house of Judah, which they have done against themselves to provoke me to anger in offering incense unto Baal.

(Jeremiah 12:14)  Thus saith יהוה against all mine evil neighbours, that touch the inheritance which I have caused my people Israel to inherit; Behold, I will pluck them out of their land, and pluck out the house of Judah from among them.

(Jeremiah 13:11)  For as the girdle cleaveth to the loins of a man, so have I caused to cleave unto me the whole house of Israel and the whole house of Judah, saith יהוה; that they might be unto me for a people, and for a name, and for a praise, and for a glory: but they would not hear.

(Jeremiah 23:6)  In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, יהוהOUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.

(Jeremiah 30:3)  For, lo, the days come, saith יהוה, that I will bring again the captivity of my people Israel and Judah, saith יהוה: and I will cause them to return to the land that I gave to their fathers, and they shall possess it.

(Jeremiah 30:4)  And these are the words that יהוה spake concerning Israel and concerning Judah.

(Jeremiah 31:27)  Behold, the days come, saith יהוה, that I will sow the house of Israel and the house of Judah with the seed of man, and with the seed of beast.

(Jeremiah 31:31)  Behold, the days come, saith יהוה, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:

(Jeremiah 32:30)  For the children of Israel and the children of Judah have only done evil before me from their youth: for the children of Israel have only provoked me to anger with the work of their hands, saith יהוה.

(Jeremiah 32:32)  Because of all the evil of the children of Israel and of the children of Judah, which they have done to provoke me to anger, they, their kings, their princes, their priests, and their prophets, and the men of Judah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

(Jeremiah 33:7)  And I will cause the captivity of Judah and the captivity of Israel to return, and will build them, as at the first.

(Jeremiah 33:14)  Behold, the days come, saith יהוה, that I will perform that good thing which I have promised unto the house of Israel and to the house of Judah.

(Jeremiah 36:2)  Take thee a roll of a book, and write therein all the words that I have spoken unto thee against Israel, and against Judah, and against all the nations, from the day I spake unto thee, from the days of Josiah, even unto this day.

(Jeremiah 50:4)  In those days, and in that time, saith יהוה, the children of Israel shall come, they and the children of Judah together, going and weeping: they shall go, and seek יהוה their Elohim.

(Jeremiah 50:20)  In those days, and in that time, saith יהוה, the iniquity of Israel shall be sought for, and there shall be none; and the sins of Judah, and they shall not be found: for I will pardon them whom I reserve.

(Jeremiah 50:33)  Thus saith יהוהof hosts; The children of Israel and the children of Judah were oppressed together: and all that took them captives held them fast; they refused to let them go.

(Jeremiah 51:5)  For Israel hath not been forsaken, nor Judah of his Elohim, of יהוה of hosts; though their land was filled with sin against the Holy One of Israel.

(Lamentations 2:5)  The Lord was as an enemy: he hath swallowed up Israel, he hath swallowed up all her palaces: he hath destroyed his strong holds, and hath increased in the daughter of Judah mourning and lamentation.

(Ezekiel 9:9)  Then said he unto me, The iniquity of the house of Israel and Judah is exceeding great, and the land is full of blood, and the city full of perverseness: for they say, יהוה hath forsaken the earth, and יהוה seeth not.

(Ezekiel 25:3)  And say unto the Ammonites, Hear the word of the Master יהוה; Thus saith the Master יהוה; Because thou saidst, Aha, against my sanctuary, when it was profaned; and against the land of Israel, when it was desolate; and against the house of Judah, when they went into captivity;

(Ezekiel 27:17)  Judah, and the land of Israel, they were thy merchants: they traded in thy market wheat of Minnith, and Pannag, and honey, and oil, and balm.

(Ezekiel 37:16)  Moreover, thou son of man, take thee one stick, and write upon it, For Judah, and for the children of Israel his companions: then take another stick, and write upon it, For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim, and for all the house of Israel his companions:

(Ezekiel 37:19)  Say unto them, Thus saith the Master יהוה; Behold, I will take the stick of Joseph, which is in the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of Israel his fellows, and will put them with him, even with the stick of Judah, and make them one stick, and they shall be one in mine hand.

(Daniel 9:7)  O Master, righteousness belongeth unto thee, but unto us confusion of faces, as at this day; to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and unto all Israel, that are near, and that are far off, through all the countries whither thou hast driven them, because of their trespass that they have trespassed against thee.

(Hosea 1:1)  The word of יהוה that came unto Hosea, the son of Beeri, in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel.

(Hosea 1:11)  Then shall the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together, and appoint themselves one head, and they shall come up out of the land: for great shall be the day of Jezreel.

(Hosea 4:15)  Though thou, Israel, play the harlot, yet let not Judah offend; and come not ye unto Gilgal, neither go ye up to Bethaven, nor swear, יהוה liveth.

(Hosea 5:5)  And the pride of Israel doth testify to his face: therefore shall Israel and Ephraim fall in their iniquity; Judah also shall fall with them.

(Hosea 8:14)  For Israel hath forgotten his Maker, and buildeth temples; and Judah hath multiplied fenced cities: but I will send a fire upon his cities, and it shall devour the palaces thereof.

(Hosea 11:12)  Ephraim compasseth me about with lies, and the house of Israel with deceit: but Judah yet ruleth with Elohim, and is faithful with the saints.

(Amos 1:1)  The words of Amos, who was among the herdmen of Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel, two years before the earthquake.

(Micah 1:5)  For the transgression of Jacob is all this, and for the sins of the house of Israel. What is the transgression of Jacob? is it not Samaria? and what are the high places of Judah? are they not Jerusalem?

(Micah 5:2)  But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.

(Zechariah 1:19)  And I said unto the angel that talked with me, What be these? And he answered me, These are the horns which have scattered Judah, Israel, and Jerusalem.

(Zechariah 8:13)  And it shall come to pass, that as ye were a curse among the heathen, O house of Judah, and house of Israel; so will I save you, and ye shall be a blessing: fear not, but let your hands be strong.

(Zechariah 11:14)  Then I cut asunder mine other staff, even Bands, that I might break the brotherhood between Judah and Israel.

(Malachi 2:11)  Judah hath dealt treacherously, and an abomination is committed in Israel and in Jerusalem; for Judah hath profaned the holiness of יהוה which he loved, and hath married the daughter of a strange god.

 

Ephraim and Judah

Note: One can typically discern between when the reference to "Ephraim" is regarding the Northern Kingdom of 10-Israel or the actual tribe of Ephraim... simply by looking to see if the word "tribe" is used or by looking at the general context to see if other tribes are mentioned (other than "Judah" of course since Judah is often used as a figurative reference to the Southern Kingdom, not just the tribe of Judah). Notice most all of these references are found in the Prophets.

(2 Chronicles 25:10)  Then Amaziah separated them, to wit, the army that was come to him out of Ephraim, to go home again: wherefore their anger was greatly kindled against Judah, and they returned home in great anger.

(Isaiah 7:17) יהוה shall bring upon thee, and upon thy people, and upon thy father's house, days that have not come, from the day that Ephraim departed from Judah; even the king of Assyria.

(Isaiah 11:13)  The envy also of Ephraim shall depart, and the adversaries of Judah shall be cut off: Ephraim shall not envy Judah, and Judah shall not vex Ephraim.

(Ezekiel 37:16)  Moreover, thou son of man, take thee one stick, and write upon it, For Judah, and for the children of Israel his companions: then take another stick, and write upon it, For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim, and for all the house of Israel his companions:

(Ezekiel 37:19)  Say unto them, Thus saith the Master יהוה; Behold, I will take the stick of Joseph, which is in the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of Israel his fellows, and will put them with him, even with the stick of Judah, and make them one stick, and they shall be one in mine hand.

(Hosea 5:5)  And the pride of Israel doth testify to his face: therefore shall Israel and Ephraim fall in their iniquity; Judah also shall fall with them.

(Hosea 5:12)  Therefore will I be unto Ephraim as a moth, and to the house of Judah as rottenness.

(Hosea 5:13)  When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah saw his wound, then went Ephraim to the Assyrian, and sent to king Jareb: yet could he not heal you, nor cure you of your wound.

(Hosea 5:14)  For I will be unto Ephraim as a lion, and as a young lion to the house of Judah: I, even I, will tear and go away; I will take away, and none shall rescue him.

(Hosea 6:4)  O Ephraim, what shall I do unto thee? O Judah, what shall I do unto thee? for your goodness is as a morning cloud, and as the early dew it goeth away.

(Hosea 10:11)  And Ephraim is as an heifer that is taught, and loveth to tread out the corn; but I passed over upon her fair neck: I will make Ephraim to ride; Judah shall plow, and Jacob shall break his clods.

(Hosea 11:12)  Ephraim compasseth me about with lies, and the house of Israel with deceit: but Judah yet ruleth with God, and is faithful with the saints.

(Zechariah 9:13)  When I have bent Judah for me, filled the bow with Ephraim, and raised up thy sons, O Zion, against thy sons, O Greece, and made thee as the sword of a mighty man.

 

Joseph and Judah

(Ezekiel 37:16)  Moreover, thou son of man, take thee one stick, and write upon it, For Judah, and for the children of Israel his companions: then take another stick, and write upon it, For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim, and for all the house of Israel his companions:

(Ezekiel 37:19)  Say unto them, Thus saith the Master יהוה; Behold, I will take the stick of Joseph, which is in the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of Israel his fellows, and will put them with him, even with the stick of Judah, and make them one stick, and they shall be one in mine hand.

(Zechariah 10:6)  And I will strengthen the house of Judah, and I will save the house of Joseph, and I will bring them again to place them; for I have mercy upon them: and they shall be as though I had not cast them off: for I am יהוה their Elohim, and will hear them.

 

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