Jews and Joes


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One of a number of viable DNA codings that occupies a given position (locus) on a chromosome. See more on Allele at Wikipedia.


Chromosomes are bundles of tightly coiled DNA. Humans have 23 paired chromosomes (22 pairs of autosomes and a single pair of sex chromosomes). A single chromosome of each pair is passed from each parent to child.


Elohim is the Hebrew word typically translated into English as "God". It more properly means "Power" in English and is generally used in conjuction with the Divine Name יהוה / יהוה. It is usually rendered "the LORD our God", but should more properly be said "Yehovah our Power" or in Hebrew: Yehovah Eloheynu.

Etz or Etzeem

עץ (‛ets) - Strong's #: H6086
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Hebrew Definitions: 1) tree, wood, timber, stock, plank, stalk, stick, gallows 1a) tree, trees 1b) wood, pieces of wood, gallows, firewood, cedar-wood, woody flax

Etz is singular (i.e. Tree). Etzeem is plural (i.e. Trees). The theme of is: "the two etzeem of Israel" or "the two trees of Israel". Since Etz can also mean "stick", one could also say: "the two sticks or Israel". [Ref. Ezekiel 36-37]


The functional and physical element of heredity passed from parent to child.


All of the genetic information, all of the hereditary material, the sum total of all an organism's genetics parts, including all its chromosomes, genes, and nucleaotides. Also, see phenome. See more on Genome at Wikipedia.


The actual alleles sequence present in an individual's genome.


In population genetics, a haplogroup is a large group of haplotypes. For more details, see Haplogroups.


A genotype of genetically linked loci that are inherited in a block as a single unit. See more on Haplotype at Wikipedia.

Hebrew Scriptures

The Hebrew Scriptures contain the Torah, the Prophets, and the Writings. Christians generally regard the Hebrew Scriptures as "the Old Testament".


A locus (plural-loci) is a specific spot in the genome. A variable locus will have several potential alleles.


Moshe is simply a transliteration of the way "Moses" is said in the Hebrew Language. Moshe and Moses is the same person, the one who lead the Israelites out of Egypt into the Promised Land.


See Nucleotide at Wikipedia for one of the most detailed definitions of this chemical compound, including illustrations.


In the realm of humanity, the phenome is the sum of all an individual's body. If the human body is a phenome, the genome is the library of instruction manuals explaining how the phenome is put together and works. See more on Phenome at Wikipedia.

STR (Short Tandem Repeat)

A Short Tandem Repeat is a short region of repeating genetic code (2 to 6 basis).


An acronym used by population geneticists to indicate the Time to the Most Recent Common Ancestor shared with another individual.


"Torah" is generally regarded as the first five books of Moses (Moshe). See "Hebrew Scriptures". Orthodox Judaism teaches that there are two Torahs, one Written and one Oral (although it was determined to write it down). The "Oral Torah" isn't unlike the Christianity's "Writings of the Church Fathers", although Jewish Orthodoxy would differ from that opinion. Like the Prophet Isaiah, this organization considers both (the "Oral Torah" and the "Writings of the Church Fathers") to be the doctrines of men, not of Elohim (Isaiah 29:13).


Non-recombining DNA which determines whether a child will be a male or female. It passes from father to son almost unaltered for many generations.

יהוה (YHVH) - "Yehowah / Yehovah"

יהוה - The four Hebrew letters said individually sound like: "yud" "hey" "vov" "heh" (sometimes spelled in English as YHVH/YHWH). It is the Great Name of the Creator of the Universe. It isn't a title or generic term like "Elohim", "Adonai", or "God". יהוה is the Creator's proper name and it appears in the Hebrew Scriptures nearly 7,000 times and unfortunately it is translated as "the LORD" in English scripture translations.

For more details on the Divine Name, click here.