JewsAndJoes.com/Blog
28Jun/0810

What Tribes made up the Northern Kingdom of Israel?

Israel (Jacob) had 12 sons with his two wives and their two handmaids/concubines. The sons were born in order as follows:
List by Birth Order:

  • Reuben (born to Leah)
  • Simeon (born to Leah)
  • Levi (born to Leah)
  • Judah (born to Leah)
  • Dan (born to Bilhah/Rachel)
  • Naphtali (born to Bilhah/Rachel)
  • Gad (born to Zilpah/Leah)
  • Asher (born to Zilpah/Leah)
  • Issachar (born to Leah)
  • Zebulun (born to Leah)
  • Joseph (born to Rachel)
  • Benjamin (born to Rachel)

List by Land Apportionment:

  1. Reuben
  2. Judah
  3. Issachar
  4. Zebulun
  5. Dan
  6. Naphtali
  7. Gad
  8. Asher
  9. Benjamin
  10. Ephraim (son of Joseph)
  11. Manasseh (son of Joseph)
  • Simeon nor Levi received broad territorial allotments, except scattered cities within other tribal portions.See Genesis 49:5-7.

The Ten Tribes of the Northern Kingdom

Of the 12 tribes, ten eventually split off at the end of King Solomon's reign and became the Northern Kingdom of Israel.  The ten were as follows:

  • Reuben
  • Simeon
  • Dan
  • Naphtali
  • Gad
  • Asher
  • Issachar
  • Zebulun
  • Ephraim
  • Manasseh

The Southern Kingdom of Judah
Judah and Benjamin became known as the Southern Kingdom of Judah. The Cohanim (Priests) of the Tribe of Levi were mainly present in the Land of the Tribes of Judah and Benjamin, but they (Levi) nor Simeon received land inheritance because of their actions at Shechem (Genesis 49:5-7), but were instead scattered in the midst of both Kingdoms.

  • Judah
  • Benjamin
  • Levi (technically scattered and present in both Kingdoms, but mostly attributed to and present in the Southern Kingdom)

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Comments (10) Trackbacks (1)
  1. Why did the northern tribes leave the kingdom of Israel?

  2. What steps did Jeroboam take to establish a separate identity for the Northern Kingdom?

  3. Why did the northern tribes leave the kingdom of Israel? Well, the Northern Tribes didn’t leave the Kingdom of Israel. They were “the Kingdom of Israel”. They separated from the Kingdom of Judah. Their expressed reason was because of the high taxation of King Rehoboam, but YHVH’s expressed reason was due to Solomon’s sin (I Kings 11).

    What steps did Jeroboam take to establish a separate identity for the Northern Kingdom? Most importantly, he set up a new capital and wouldn’t allow the people to celebrate the Festivals in Jerusalem. He basically setup a new religious system apart from Judah and the prescriptions of Torah. Eventually, Judah also setup a religious system that added to and removed the prescriptions of Torah, something expressly forbidden within the Torah itself.

    Unlike what many Talmudists insist, the Northern Tribes didn’t rebel against the authority of “the Rabbis”, but the authority of the House of David… and it was something caused and directed by YHVH.

  4. What divide the northern kingdom from the southern kingdom?

  5. Do you mean in antiquity or in modern times?

    In modern times, two things primarily separate both houses: belief in Messiah Yeshua/Jesus and the “Oral Torah” controversy (submitting to Rabbinic halakah).

    In antiquity, it was sin and taxation… which I already described above.

  6. There is no tribe of Joseph.

  7. The tribe of Ephraim is basically the same as the tribe of Joseph. Revelation 7:8 mentions a tribe of Joseph, while Revelation 7:6 indicates there is a tribe of Manasseh. Interestingly, Dan is no longer mentioned, and Simeon has reappeared in Rev 7. Also, consider what Ezekiel 37:16 says: “then take another stick, and write upon it, For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim, and for all the house of Israel his companion.”

  8. I HAVE JUST STARTED READING “JUDAH’S SCEPTER AND JOSEPH’S BIRTHRIGHT.” IF I BELIEVE WHAT J. H. ALLEN IS SAYING, DOES THIS MEAN I BELIEVE IN TWO HOUSE? I ATTEND A MESSIANIC CONGREGATION WHICH IS STRONGLY OPPOSED TO THE TWO HOUSE CONCEPT, BUT AS I READ THIS BOOK I AM MORE CONVINCED THIS IS A STRONG DEFENSE FOR THE POSSIBILITY OF PART OF ISRAEL BEING ANGLO-SAXON. ANY HELP TOWARD UNDERSTANDING THESE CONCEPTS WOULD BE APPRECIATED.

  9. LOL… I wouldn’t broach the topic at your congregation any time soon. =)

    Read through these: 10 Proofs “the Jews” are from Judah .

  10. Frank…I noticed while doing some research for my congregation into the tribes after Solomon some time after my class ended at Liberty University…your questions are word for word out of the Harbin textbook Promise and the Blessing. Trying to get these fellows to do your homework for you?? I hope that is not the case.


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