Israel (Jacob) had 12 sons with his two wives and their two handmaids/concubines. The sons were born in order as follows:
List by Birth Order:
- Reuben (born to Leah)
- Simeon (born to Leah)
- Levi (born to Leah)
- Judah (born to Leah)
- Dan (born to Bilhah/Rachel)
- Naphtali (born to Bilhah/Rachel)
- Gad (born to Zilpah/Leah)
- Asher (born to Zilpah/Leah)
- Issachar (born to Leah)
- Zebulun (born to Leah)
- Joseph (born to Rachel)
- Benjamin (born to Rachel)
List by Land Apportionment:
- Ephraim (son of Joseph)
- Manasseh (son of Joseph)
- Simeon nor Levi received broad territorial allotments, except scattered cities within other tribal portions.See Genesis 49:5-7.
The Ten Tribes of the Northern Kingdom
Of the 12 tribes, ten eventually split off at the end of King Solomon's reign and became the Northern Kingdom of Israel. The ten were as follows:
The Southern Kingdom of Judah
Judah and Benjamin became known as the Southern Kingdom of Judah. The Cohanim (Priests) of the Tribe of Levi were mainly present in the Land of the Tribes of Judah and Benjamin, but they (Levi) nor Simeon received land inheritance because of their actions at Shechem (Genesis 49:5-7), but were instead scattered in the midst of both Kingdoms.
- Levi (technically scattered and present in both Kingdoms, but mostly attributed to and present in the Southern Kingdom)
- The Ten Lost Tribes of Israel
- The Birthright Promise of Multitudes
- Two House Theology (Reality) Defined and Defended
- 10 Reasons the Jews are from Judah
- History and Timeline of Israel and Judah
- Two-House Theology or Two-House Reality?
- Is Two-House Theology, Core Theology?
- Israel and Judah in Scripture
- Two House Reality in the New Testament?
- Where were the 10-Tribes in the 1st Century AD?
- Israelite Haplogroup (DNA) Hypotheses